Biomarker found in the blood is higher in binge drinkers

first_imgEmail A biomarker found in the blood of alcohol users is significantly higher in binge drinkers than in those who consume alcohol moderately, according to a study by researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago. The biomarker, called phosphatidylethanol (PEth), could be used to screen young adults for harmful or heavy drinking such as binge drinking.Having performed extensive research on alcohol and its effects on health throughout her career, Mariann Piano, professor and head of the department of biobehavioral health science in the UIC College of Nursing, knew PEth is a biomarker associated with alcohol consumption, but it had never been measured in young adults.“Binge drinking is pervasive on college campuses and among young adults,” Piano said. “More alarming, though, is the regularity of binge drinking episodes: one in five students report three or more binge drinking episodes in the prior two weeks.” Share on Twitter The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism defines binge drinking as a pattern of drinking that brings a person’s blood alcohol concentration to 0.08 or above. This typically occurs when men consume five or more drinks in about two hours. For women, it’s consuming four or more drinks in the same time period.Piano and co-investigator Shane Phillips, associate professor of physical therapy, measured PEth in blood samples from student participants at two large Midwestern university campuses. Participants were part of a larger ongoing study examining the cardiovascular effects of binge drinking.Participants completed a 10-question self-assessment survey to determine their drinking patterns. After the questionnaires were reviewed, the subjects were divided into three groups: abstainers, moderate drinkers and binge drinkers.Abstainers had not had more than one drink per month in the past two to three years. For men, moderate drinking was defined as consuming three drinks or less per sitting one to two times per week in the past five years. For women, the number of drinks was two. Binge drinkers must have had at least two episodes of heavy drinking in one sitting in the last month.The majority of participants were Caucasian females. The majority of moderate and binge drinkers were Caucasian, while abstainers were predominantly Asian.Following the self-assessment, blood was drawn from each participant to measure blood alcohol levels and PEth. Five blood spots were placed on cards to be dried and measured against the whole blood samples in an off-site drug testing laboratory.“We discovered a significant correlation between PEth levels in both the whole blood and dried blood samples and the number of times subjects consumed four to five drinks in one sitting within the last 30 days,” Piano said.The PEth levels in the blood also positively correlated with the self-assessment survey scores, Piano said.“Using a biomarker of heavy alcohol consumption such as PEth along with self-reporting could provide an objective measure for use in research, screening and treatment of hazardous alcohol use among young adults,” she said. Sharecenter_img Pinterest LinkedIn Share on Facebooklast_img read more

Analog Devices Withdraws its Fiscal 2nd Quarter Outlook due to COVID-19

first_imgAnalog Devices (ADI), announced that they will withdraw the company’s outlook for the fiscal second quarter, ending May 2, 2020. The economic and social effects caused by COVID-19 are currently creating supply chain disruption and uncertainty around future demand. While customer demand in the quarter has been resilient, it has become increasingly difficult to quantify and forecast the business impact of COVID-19.According to the company release, during this rapidly evolving situation, ADI’s top priority is the health and safety of its employees and the communities in which it operates. As an organization the company is stepping up to combat the COVID-19 pandemic by partnering with customers and world-class healthcare organizations to deploy innovative healthcare diagnostics solutions. ADI remains steadfastly committed to supporting customers, suppliers, and partners to the best of its ability in this unprecedented environment.According to ADI President and CEO, Vincent Roche, throughout its 55-year history, ADI has encountered several “Black Swan” events. He is confident that the company will successfully navigate this one as it has done before given the strength of talent, technology, and customer and supplier relationships, in addition to sound financial position. And while the ADI team is moving with speed and agility to embrace these short-term challenges, the staff remains focused on investing in ADI for the long-term and emerge from this pandemic stronger.Analog Devices will provide a further update during its second quarter earnings release and call in May 2020.last_img read more

Iloilo defeats Bicol in Maharlika caging

first_imgIt grew to 44-33 at the half with De Joyagetting his outside shots going. The Royals went on to build its largest leadat 51-38 after a three-pointer by Donald Gumaru in the third period but theVolcanoes slowly chipped in to the deficit to come to within 54-60. Richard Escoto (right) breaks his scoring slump with 21 points to go along with eight rebounds and two assists. MPBL PHOTO The Royals snapped its two-game losing skid toimprove to 4-3 win-loss record. For the 5-3 Volcanoes, Aldave top-scored with18 points, including three three-point conversions, while Ron Jason Buenafemissed all of his nine field goal attempts but still had 10 markers./PN Richard Escoto broke his scoring slump with 21points to go along with eight rebounds and two assists on Sunday.center_img MANILA – Iloilo United Royals nearly wasted adouble-digit edge before escaping with a 77-74 win over the Bicol Volcanoes inthe 2019-2020 Maharlika Pilipinas Basketball League at the Ibalong Centrum forRecreation in Legaspi City, Albay. The Royals surged to a 19-11 edge in theopening period with De Leon and Tamsi spearheading the offense. Rodel de Leon added 17 markers and eightboards while Cedric de Joya got his offense going early in the game to finishwith 12 points. Al Francis Tamsi had nine. The Volcanoes pulled even closer in the fourthand was able to come to as close as 74-75 after a Jonathan Aldave triple. Splitfree throws by Escoto and De Leon, however, iced the win for the Royals.last_img read more