Origin of Life: Brian Miller Distills a Debate Between Dave Farina and James Tour Recommended Sarah ChaffeeNow a teacher, Sarah Chaffee served as Program Officer in Education and Public Policy at Discovery Institute’s Center for Science and Culture. She earned her B.A. in Government. During college she interned at Representative Jaime Herrera Beutler’s office and for Prison Fellowship Ministries. Before coming to Discovery, she worked for a private land trust with holdings in the Southwest. Share “A Summary of the Evidence for Intelligent Design”: The Study Guide PLOS, the “Public Library of Science,” is the publisher of a number of a high-profile open access science journals – PLOS ONE, PLOS Biology, PLOS Medicine, and others. They also publish a range of blogs, including Sci-Ed, which deals with issues relating to science and education. A recent headline there caught my eye, “Go ahead and ‘teach the controversy:’ it is the best way to defend science.”That’s provocative. But here’s the subtitle: “as long as teachers understand the science and its historical context.” Well, who could disagree?But you can probably guess what’s coming. The author is Mike Klymkowsky, a University of Colorado Boulder Professor of Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology. Klymkowsky, as expected, says teaching about the evolution controversy is fine as long as you show how absurd that “controversy” really is. In other words, you can expose students to diverse views on Darwinian theory, so long as the takeaway for them is the orthodox evolutionary one.But I wanted to point out a comment left at the end of the article by someone identified as CWGross, who notes:There is no good reason to believe the naturalist-materialist, Scientistic proposition that science has epistemological primacy (in fact, it is a self-contradictory axiom), so we automatically fail if we refuse to discuss the limitations of science and its inadequacies in questions of morals, politics, aesthetics, relationships, spirituality, etc. Without doing so, we implicitly teach science as an authoritarian system which WILL be rejected, as you note, when it conflicts with lived moral, political, aesthetic, relational, spiritual, etc. experience. You do it yourself, in your confession of ideological dogmatism: “Yet, as a person who firmly believes in the French motto of liberté, égalité, fraternité, laïcité, I feel fairly certain that no science-based scenario on the origin and evolution of the universe or life, or the implications of sexual dimorphism or racial differences, etc, can challenge the importance of our duty to treat others with respect, to defend their freedoms, and to insure their equality before the law.” You express disapproval over philosophies of theistic evolution while at the same time refusing to entertain the implications of a purely materialistic science for your own liberalism.Klymkowsky wants to marshal a purely naturalistic science in the classroom. CWGross points out the conflict with Klymkowsky’s own liberal ideology. Only an “authoritarian” approach can bridge the gap, expecting students to embrace both (rigidly materialist science, liberalism) without acknowledging the contradiction.Our preference is for a pedagogy that is much more modest, and more authentically liberal. Klymkowsky worries that students are “vulnerable to intelligent-design creationist arguments centered around probabilities.” ID isn’t creationism, and there’s a lot more to it than “probabilities,” but never mind. We oppose pushing intelligent design into public school classrooms.Instead, we want students and teachers to be able to explore scientific controversies over mechanisms of evolution and the origin of life discussed in mainstream, peer-reviewed scientific publications. Let them study these questions for themselves, and arrive at their own conclusions. Let them struggle, too, with the philosophical implications, but, of course, not in the science classroom.On the evolution controversy, Klymkowsky would likely benefit from more study himself. His understanding of what we argue about appears to be limited. He writes, “For example, a common attack against evolutionary mechanisms relies on a failure to grasp the power of variation, arising from stochastic processes (mutation), coupled to the power of natural, social, and sexual variation.”For a start, he should review the discussions from November’s Royal Society meeting. In fact, some of the ideas presented there would be fascinating to share with students. In the world of professional science, at the highest levels, the foundations of evolutionary theory are up for debate. That fact should not be concealed from young people.Photo: Royal Society discussion panel, London, November 2016, by Günter Bechly. Education Email Print Google+ Linkedin Twitter Share Tags”teach the controversyacademic freedomevolutionintelligent designliberalismMike KlymkowskyPLOSRoyal SocietyUniversity of Colorado Boulder,Trending Congratulations to Science Magazine for an Honest Portrayal of Darwin’s Descent of Man Jane Goodall Meets the God Hypothesis Evolution Sure, “Teach the Controversy,” Says an Evolutionist – But You Know What’s Coming NextSarah ChaffeeJune 9, 2017, 1:40 PM Requesting a (Partial) Retraction from Darrel Falk and BioLogos Email Print Google+ Linkedin Twitter Share A Physician Describes How Behe Changed His MindLife’s Origin — A “Mystery” Made AccessibleCodes Are Not Products of PhysicsIxnay on the Ambriancay PlosionexhayDesign Triangulation: My Thanksgiving Gift to All
CET Several players will miss this weekend’s game through injury. Madrid are without Eden Hazard and Marco Asensio — while Rodrygo Goes is suspended — and Quique Setien is missing Luis Suarez, Ousmane Dembele, Jordi Alba and Sergi Roberto. Upd. at 22:41 Guillem Balagué Barcelona travel to the Santiago Bernabeu on Sunday with the chance to extend their lead to five points over Real Madrid. @GuillemBalague Zinedine Zidane’s side were held at home to Celta Vigo and beaten last weekend at Levante. In the meantime, Barça have seen off Getafe and Eibar at home to leapfrog Los Blanos in La Liga. 28/02/2020 Both teams were involved in Champions League football in midweek, too, with Madrid’s poor league form extending into Europe as they were beaten 2-1 at home by Manchester City. Barça left Napoli with a 1-1 draw the night before, despite not being at their best. Two weeks ago, when they travelled to Real Betis, Barça were six points back from Madrid. But they won in Seville and a lot has changed since. To look ahead to the game, SPORT columnist Guillem Balague has fielded your questions on the fixture. Check out the video above.
A host of local sporting clubs will receive a Covid-19 survival grant of $1000, which aims to help pay the…[To read the rest of this story Subscribe or Login to the Gazette Access Pass] Thanks for reading the Pakenham Berwick Gazette. Subscribe or Login to read the rest of this content with the Gazette Digital Access Pass subscription. By Mitchell Clarke
The Galway Minor Hurlers overcame Kilkenny in Croke Park in their opening game of the Electric Ireland GAA Minor Championship winning by three points in a tight encounter. Here is another chance to hear the commentary with Niall Canavan and Sean Walsh at headquarters. print WhatsApp Facebook Twitter Email Presented by John MulliganThis is the Full Time match report from Niall CanavanAfter the game, Niall spoke to Galway manager Brian HanleyOisin Langan spoke to Kilkenny manager Richie MulrooneyOisin also spoke to former Kilkenny hurler Aidan Fogarty about Galway’s win on Sunday.
The Indian Grand Prix was dropped from the 2014 calendar after three successful seasons.The Indian Grand Prix is expected to return in 2016 as a “fruitful” meeting between Formula One boss Bernie Ecclestone and race promoters has prepared the ground for the comeback of the high-profile event.The meeting was held on the sidelines of the inaugural Russian Grand Prix in Sochi, last month.The Indian Grand Prix was dropped from the 2014 calendar after three successful seasons, owing to tax and bureaucratic hurdles, leaving fans and experts to wonder whether the elite global event will comeback at all. The race has already been ruled out for 2015.The issues surrounding the Grand Prix remain but Ecclestone-led Formula One Management (FOM) and race promoters Jaypee Sports International (JPSI), headed by Sameer Gaur, first want to honour the five-year contract and then work on securing the long-term future of the event.”We (Sameer and I) had a good meeting in Russia. I was assured that the tax and other related problems will be sorted out in due course and then we are good to go back. It is too late for 2015 now, so we are working on 2016,” Ecclestone told PTI from his London office.Gaur, on his part, said, “Formula One remains very important for us. Unfortunately, because of the circumstances we could not do the race this year but I see the situation improving soon. The important thing is that we and FOM are on the same page. 2015 looks tough as the calendar is more or less final, so we should look at 2016 as the year for the race.”advertisementOnly time will tell how Ecclestone accommodates India on the ever crowded calendar. 2014 will see 20 races with the return of Mexico round and the number could go up to 22 in 2016 with India and Azerbaijan waiting to host the F1 caravan.
About the authorFreddie TaylorShare the loveHave your say David Luiz hails ‘great’ Arsenal performance in Man Utd drawby Freddie Taylor25 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveDavid Luiz believes Arsenal were “great” in Monday’s 1-1 draw with Manchester United.Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang’s second-half goal canceled out the opener from Scott McTominay, condemning United to their worst start to a season in 30 years.And Luiz was pleased with the Gunners’ resilience away from home.”We’re happy with the performance. You have to analyse each team performance and I think we did great,” Luiz told Sky Sports.”Even when we went 1-0 down we showed maturity – especially the youngsters who deserve the credit. They’re so young but know how to play football and live with the pressure, they’re more mature than before.”It was interesting game for the supporters but we did well and so did the other team.”
MONTREAL – Canadian National Railways is on a hiring spree particularly in Western Canada, several years after a slowdown in demand prompted layoffs.The country’s largest railway says it hopes to add more than 600 conductors and crew members in the coming months after fewer laid-off workers than expected chose to return following a lengthy idle period.CN Rail (TSX:CNR) has seen its train speeds drop as it hasn’t had sufficient number of crews to handle the increased demand prompted by a stronger North American economy.“Operating crews have proven to be our biggest challenge,” chief operating officer Mike Cory said during a conference call about third-quarter results after markets closed.He said fluidity of trains and resulting operating profits are impossible without the appropriate staffing. Hirings are strongest in Saskatchewan, Alberta and British Columbia.“What we’re doing now is really catching up in some areas where we got a little surprised by the return rate from people laid off,” he told analysts.The Montreal-based company said it has ramped up hiring and training. It expects to have 250 people qualified in the fourth quarter and another 400 in the first quarter of 2018.The railway had on average 23,183 employees at the end of the quarter, including 16,346 in Canada and 7,082 in the United States. About 73 per cent are unionized in Canada and 79 per cent in the U.S.CN Rail said in early 2016 that its workforce decreased by nine per cent or 2,300 in 2015, with about 1,150 employees laid off at year’s end.The railway had said that a natural attrition rate of close to eight per cent annually would give it flexibility to hire or not depending on market conditions.It said Tuesday it remains on track to see its profits grow as demand has continued to increase after six quarters of decrease.Net income slipped one per cent to $958 million or $1.27 per diluted share in the third quarter, compared to $972 million or $1.25 per share a year earlier.CN Rail (TSX:CNR) said its adjusted profits excluding one-time items reached $989 million or $1.31 per share during the three months ended Sept. 30. That compares to $1.25 per share a year ago and $1.32 forecast by analysts, according to RBC Capital Markets.Revenues rose seven per cent to $3.2 billion. They were driven by a 31 per cent increase for metals and minerals. Coal was up 23 per cent, intermodal up 12 per cent, automotive rose four per cent and other revenues were up two per cent. Revenues were down two per cent for forest products, grain and by one per cent for fertilizers, while petroleum and chemicals revenues remained essentially flat.CN Rail reaffirmed its outlook to earn $4.95 to $5.10 per adjusted diluted share for the year, up from $4.59 per share in 2016.“Due to the good results announced by other North American rail operators, the market will likely be slightly disappointed by this result,” said Daniel Sherman of Edward Jones.The railway continued to expand shipment volumes and was hiring to expand future service.“The company looks on track for more growth ahead,” he added.Revenue ton-miles, or RTMs, increased by 10 per cent and carloadings by 11 per cent.The operating ratio, which measures the efficiency of the railway, rose 1.4 points to 54.7 per cent.CN Rail president and chief executive Luc Jobin said the company continued to see increased demand across key business segments, such as frac sand, intermodal, coal and Canadian grain.The railway said it will spend an extra $100 million in infrastructure and equipment spending this year to reach $2.7 billion.“Our outlook remains positive for the remainder of the year,” Jobin told analysts.“We’re bullish on the North American economy, where the environment remains very supportive and the prospects for export commodity is also positive — although as we’ve seen in the last couple of years that can be a bit volatile at times.”
The U.S. Education Department said it will forgive $150 million in federal student loans as part of a 2016 rule that Secretary Betsy DeVos previously tried to block.Department officials began notifying 15,000 students on Friday that their loans will automatically be erased because they attended colleges that closed while they were still in school or shortly after they finished. About half of them attended campuses under the for-profit Corinthian Colleges chain, which collapsed in 2015 amid widespread accusations of fraud.The students are eligible for loan relief under an Obama-era rule that was intended to make it easier for defrauded students to get their loans cleared. Part of the rule granted automatic loan forgiveness to students who attended colleges that closed more than three years in the past and who never attended another school afterward.DeVos delayed the rule in 2017 following a legal challenge from a California association of for-profit colleges, and she later moved to scrap the rule entirely and proposed her own replacement, which would have eliminated automatic loan discharges and raised the bar to prove fraud by schools.But a federal judge ruled in September that her delay was unlawful, siding with Democratic attorneys general from more than a dozen states who sued over the postponement. A month later, the same judge dismissed another challenge by the California association, effectively clearing the way for the rule to take effect.DeVos has continued to oppose the rule, calling it “bad policy,” and says she still plans to write new rules that will protect borrowers and taxpayers. Still, the Obama-era law could remain in effect until at least July 2020, when any new policy written by DeVos could take effect.The automatic discharges were hailed as a victory by groups that represent borrowers, but they said it’s just the first step in the rule’s implementation. Several drew attention to more than 100,000 other students who say they were swindled by their schools but are still waiting on the Education Department to decide their applications for loan relief.James Kvaal, president of the Institute for College Access and Success, said the initial round of discharges was “welcome news” for the borrowers it will help.“But these 15,000 borrowers are a small fraction of those eligible for loan discharges because their schools closed or committed illegal acts. It’s long past time for the Department of Education to meet its legal obligations to students,” Kvaal said.Sen. Patty Murray, the top Democrat on the Senate committee that oversees education, said she was “pleased” that the department has started implementing the rule.“This is a good first step, but it’s not good enough — and I call on Secretary DeVos to abandon her attempts to rewrite the borrower defence rule to let for-profit colleges off the hook, and instead fully implement the current rule and provide relief to more than 100,000 borrowers who were cheated out of their education and savings,” Murray said.The 2016 rule was created to improve the loan forgiveness process following the closure of Corinthian Colleges, which left thousands of students stuck with loans and little to show for them. It was part of the Obama administration’s broader effort to root out schools that misled students and to police the sector through new regulation.But DeVos said the rules made it too easy for students to shirk their debt, and left taxpayers on the hook.Separately, she has successfully delayed another 2016 rule intended to weed out for-profit college programs that left students unable to pay off their loans, and she recently reversed the Obama administration’s decision to cut ties with an accrediting agency that supervises dozens of for-profit college chains but has been accused of lax oversight.Of the $150 million in automatic loan relief, $80 million will go to former students of Corinthian Colleges, which included the Everest, Heald and WyoTech college chains. The department did not identify other schools tied to the relief.Along with Corinthian, several other major for-profit chains have fallen in recent years. Others that followed include ITT Technical Institute and, most recently, the Education Corporation of America, which announced its closure Dec. 5.Although the Education Department says it will automatically wipe loans for students whose colleges closed more than three years ago, it noted that students can separately apply for relief from more recent closures. That includes the roughly 15,000 students who recently attended Education Corporation of America chains, including Brightwood College and Virginia College.___Follow Collin Binkley on Twitter at https://twitter.com/cbinkleyCollin Binkley, The Associated Press
Andrew Bynum, the new Philadelphia 76ers center, made it through the 2011-12 season without injury. It was important for him because he needed the shed the developing image of a potential-filled but injury-prone big man.Not only did he avoid injury, but Bynum flourished, making the all-star team and becoming an important piece to the Los Angles Lakers’ success. Now a Sixer after being a part of the blockbuster trade that brought Dwight Howard to the Lakers, Bynum is taking steps to assure his knees hold up next season. (It’s also important to note that he will be a free agent after the season, and a healthy and productive year could land him an astronomical contract in Philadelphia or somewhere else.)While playing with Kobe Bryant, Bynum, 24, heard the superstar guard espouse the virtues of a radical, non-surgical treatment he had on his knee that wrought tremendous results. And according to the Philadelphia Inquirer, Bynun will travel to Germany to have the same thing done on his knee. The procedure is called Orthokine/Regenokine and it is a derivation of platelet-rich plasma therapy that Bryant, Grant Hill and baseball’s Alex Rodriguez all tried with great results.Bynum has been plagued by knee injuries throughout his career, but supposedly is not suffering from any knee injuries at the moment. But Bryant spoke so adamantly about it — and Bynum saw first-hand the buoyancy in Bryant’s gait after the treatment that he was impressed. So Bynum is looking at the procedure as a preventative measure and an opportunity to get his knees to feel better and stronger..He played in 60 out of a possible 66 games during last season’s lockout-shortened campaign. The 7-footer averaged 18.7 points and 11.8 rebounds in 35.2 minutes per game, all career highs. His agent as indicated he will test the free-agent market next year. And it would be a lot more lucrative to do so coming off an injury-free season.
Leeds United have completed the signing of Manchester City winger Jack Harrison on loan.Leeds have signed the England U-21 international from Man City on a season-long loan move.The 21-year-old winger joined Manchester City from sister club New York City FC in January 2018 before being shipped out on loan to Sky Bet Championship side Middlesbrough.Harrison could make his debut for Leeds United this weekend when they come up against Stoke City on Sunday in the Championship.Solskjaer reveals he plans to build his team around Pogba Manuel R. Medina – July 17, 2019 The Manchester United manager wants to end the speculation that the Frenchman is leaving the Red Devils.“I’m looking forward to meeting my new teammates and working with Marcelo Bielsa,” Harrison told BBC Radio, Leeds.“I wanted to go out on loan with Pep Guardiola, to work with him and impress him. He told he was pleased with my progress but wanted me to go out on loan because I need to be playing at this young age.”“Marcelo has a great reputation, his ideas and those of Manchester City are very similar.”“I’m very glad to be here and I can’t wait to get started.”