Today it’s a mosaic of high grasses, blackberries, pasture grazed to bare dirt and ponds swelled by spring rains. But a 154-acre parcel owned by the Port of Vancouver is about to become the site of a bold experiment that will restore and preserve one large wetland to offset the filling or draining of many smaller wetlands along a swath of the Columbia River floodplain stretching from Bonneville Dam to the city of Longview. Excavation and preparation of the property, which lies on the north side of Lower River Road and across the street from the site of a proposed Farwest Steel fabrication plant, will begin in August. Extensive planting of trees and other wetland vegetation is scheduled for next spring. The property, part of the former Rufener Dairy, will become Clark County’s first certified wetland mitigation bank, with others likely to follow.Developers, including local governments and public utilities, will be able to buy wetland “credits” from the “bank” to offset the destruction of wetlands elsewhere . The project, in the works for five years, won approval late last year from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and the Washington Department of Ecology. It cleared its final hurdle this week after Woodinville-based Habitat Banc NW provided financial assurances to regulators and won approval to release the first eight credits.Over the next 10 years, as the site is transformed to a fully functioning wetland, a total of 50 wetland credits will become available, project manager Victor Woodward said.
Most Read Stories on Columbian.com July 17-23:No. 1) One killed, five injured in collision with cement truck An 18-year-old Vancouver woman was killed and five people were injured late Monday afternoon in a collision of a cement truck with three passenger cars on state Highway 14 in Camas, just east of the Lady Island Bridge.No. 2) Vancouver boy, 11, drowns near Lacamas LakeAn 11-year-old Vancouver boy drowned Tuesday afternoon after a swimming accident in an area known as the Potholes south of Round Lake, authorities said.No. 3) Vancouver man involved in fatal crashPolice said Jamie Keiser, 41, of Vancouver was driving a GMC pickup on Taylors Ferry Road at Southwest 62nd Avenue when a man driving a moped made an extremely wide right turn that took him into the pickup’s path. No. 4) Houseboat mired in river, limboAn abandoned houseboat moored along the bank of the river — towed there illegally by the vessel that had sunk — is now sinking, too. The houseboat sits partially submerged, its roof gutters on one end nearly touching the river. No. 5) I-205 crash sends one person to hospitalA vehicle crash Friday morning on Interstate 205 sent one person to the hospital with a cut to the head.
The search for Earth-like planets circling other stars is heating up, but the latest discovery is not too hot at all. It’s not too cold, either. Instead, the temperature on the newly announced planet Kepler-22b could be just right for life — about 72 degrees, a perfect spring day on Earth.Spied by NASA’s Kepler space telescope, Kepler-22b is the best candidate yet for a life-bearing world beyond our solar system, project scientists said Monday.“If it has a surface, it ought to have a nice temperature,” said Kepler’s lead scientist, Bill Borucki, during ateleconference Monday.“It’s right in the middle of the habitable zone,” said Natalie Batahla, a Kepler scientist, referring to the narrow, balmy band of space around any star where water can be liquid. “The other exciting thing is that it orbits a star very, very similar to our own sun.”The actual temperature on Kepler-22b hinges on whether the planet has an atmosphere, which, like a blanket, would warm the surface. Even without an atmosphere, Borucki said, the planet would likely be warm enough to host liquid water on its surface.If it has a surface.At 2.4 times Earth’s width, the composition of Kepler-22b is a puzzle. It could be rocky, a “super-Earth” much like our planet but bigger. It might be a water world covered with deep oceans, said Dimitar Sasselov, a Kepler scientist at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics. Or it could be gaseous like Neptune or Uranus.
Readers’ Top 10In online pollLousy economy persists.Downtown makeover.‘Gang Green’ drug raids.Murder-suicides by fire.Bears baseball plan.Abuse cases.Columbia River Crossing.First Independent Bank.Condit Dam.Davy Crockett cleanup.TOTAL ONLINE VOTES: 275In newsroom votingAlso nominatedUFO spotted in East Vancouver turns out to be high-tech kite; Downtown biomass plant proposed, rejected; state Rep. Jim Jacks resigns in 49th District, Sharon Wylie wins his seat; Census means redistricting in the 3rd; Election (city council races, David Madore candidate slate, C-Tran’s Proposition 1 passes); Congresswoman Jaime Herrera Beutler’s first year in office; Coldest spring and summer since 1955; Occupy Vancouver; BPA power line discussions; Prominent deaths (Dale Beacock, Hal Dengerink, Dollie Lynch, Harriet Wilson); High-profile court cases (Bethany Storro sentenced, ‘America’s Most Wanted’ Michael D. Collins resentenced); “Wheel of Fortune” jackpot divorce; Teens accused of shooting cats; Value Motel criticisms; Woman accused of trying to sell baby at Taco Bell.Top 10 Web-hit stories of 2011Washougal standoff and murder/suicide‘Operation Gang Green’ drug raid and court appearanceBreaching Condit Dam: before, during and afterTuan Dao sets fire to house, killing himself and five childrenCrowd pulls few punches at town hall with Rep. Jaime Herrera BeutlerWas that a flying saucer hovering over east Vancouver?Fatal collision between C-Tran bus, pedestrian /victim identifiedYoung man jumps from I-205 bridgeOff-duty police officer found dead in woodsCouple allegedly imprisoned autistic boysTop 10 of 2010Economic struggle.Bethany Storro case.Cowlitz casino.Herrera Beutler vs. Heck congressional race.‘Gavel down!’Hospitals merge.(tie) Agencies cut budgets.(tie) I-5 bridge (Columbia River Crossing).Charges dismissed against former policeman in child sex-abuse case; DNA clears two men convicted in 1993 rape.Local elections.
Click here to read Williams’ speech at The Columbian’s 2012 Economic Forecast BreakfastClick here to read a local economist’s recap of the eventThe U.S. economy is growing and adding jobs, but that growth is so slow that unemployment will likely still be abnormally high for years to come, John Williams, president of the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, told an audience of about 500 in downtown Vancouver Tuesday.Williams expects today’s 8.5 percent national unemployment rate will gradually decline to about 7 percent by the end of 2014, he said at The Columbian’s 2012 Economic Breakfast, held at the Hilton Vancouver Washington. If Clark County’s jobless rate continues to be about 2.5 percentage points above the nation’s, that suggests that local unemployment would drop to around 9.5 percent over the next three years.Williams pinned today’s economic problems firmly on a housing bubble that peaked in 2006 and 2007, and on the institutions whose complex financial instruments and risky decisions fueled the bubble and subsequent financial melt-down of 2008 and 2009. And he put much of the onus on state and federal governments to get things moving again, in part by finding more effective ways to help homeowners whose mortgages for more than their houses’ values.If elected leaders in the U.S. and in Europe could overcome political gridlock, that could help lop a percentage point of the unemployment rate as well, Williams said. Uncertainty keeps consumers from spending and businesses from investing in growth, and debates over the federal debt and Europe’s handling of its financial crisis have exacerbated this, he said.
The Bonneville Power Administration celebrates its 75th anniversary this year, and that makes this a good time for Vancouver to reflect on its own birth as a modern industrial city.Saturday BPA re-created President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s 1937 dedication of Bonneville Dam, the first of 11 federal dams built on the Columbia River. But behind such high-profile moments is a rich and complex history of philosophical battles over public versus private power, giant construction challenges, and great engineering achievements in building a vast power transmission network.The dams harnessed an unimaginable wealth of hydropower. That surplus spawned new energy-intensive industries in aluminum production and shipbuilding, among others, as the nation turned to preparing for World War II.Vancouver was second to connect to Bonneville Dam, after tiny Cascade Locks, Ore. The 37-mile line to this city became the backbone of a regional power grid that eventually extended to five states and linked to other regional power grids.Construction of that Vancouver line began on March 13, 1939. J.D. Ross, BPA’s first administrator, missed the groundbreaking and died the next day from complications during what was expected to be routine surgery. BPA’s control house and substation in Vancouver, still one of the city’s largest employers, are named in honor of the ardent public power advocate.
Serial entrepreneur Ken Hood this year sold ClearAccess, the Vancouver-based technology firm he co-founded, to Silicon Valley technology giant Cisco. No jobs were lost in the deal and Hood, a Vancouver native, says he’s proud of creating jobs in Vancouver, far from the technology industry’s California hub. Richard Biggs, an international business development consultant, has worked extensively with Clark County small businesses and is a leader in Clark County PubTalk, where he assists fledgling companies in getting on their feet.Biggs, who lives in West Linn, Ore., says entrepreneurs make common mistakes as they work through the early stages of a company’s development.Here’s his list of potential dangers for business startups: • A lack of forward-looking planning, especially in operational structure: Many small businesses start off by creating limited liability corporations, unaware that most investors don’t like to invest in LLCs. The startups then have to restructure themselves to attract investment. • Poor advisers in all areas, from legal to accounting and marketing: For investors, “often a company is judged by the company it keeps,” Biggs says. • Personal finance problems of key business team members: Any signs of poor personal credit or bankruptcy could jeopardize a deal.• Risk: Investors will stay away if they don’t have a good feeling about how much risk they’re being asked to take on.
Clark County sheriff’s deputies are enlisting the public’s help to locate a robbery and assault suspect.The suspect is Deza Rae Hernandez, 22, a transient. She is described as 5 feet, 1 inch tall, about 145 pounds, with black hair and brown eyes. She has a tattoo reading “Jose” on her left wrist and a tattoo reading “Reamond” on her right.She is believed to be associated with the Suernos, a Mexican street gang.According to a news release, deputies believe Hernandez was involved in an argument outside the Ghims Village apartments, 1304 N.E. 88th St., on the evening of Sept. 18. When a resident who wasn’t part of the argument opened the door and asked the people to quit arguing and go away, Hernandez allegedly attacked her in the doorway and later inside her apartment.Deputies say that Hernandez then allegedly left the victim’s apartment with a male companion, flagged down a motorist, and assaulted him with brass knuckles before attempting to steal his car.Deputies arrived on the scene as the car-jacking attempt was in progress and arrested the male companion, identified as Ambrose Jackson, 33, but Hernandez fled on foot. A tracking dog found the driver’s stolen cell phone, which Hernandez allegedly dropped, but did not locate her.She is wanted for first-degree robbery, first-degree burglary and second-degree assault.Anyone with information is asked to call 911. Deza Rae Hernandez
A Vancouver man pleaded not guilty Friday in Clark County Superior Court to attempted murder for allegedly nearly strangling his wife to death in June 2011. She is now in a persistent vegetative state.Charges against Gabriel Lomeli-Orozco, 41, had been delayed since his first appearance June 27, 2011, based on a defense expert’s concerns over his competency to stand trial.Judge John Wulle committed Lomeli-Orozco to Western State Hospital in late 2011 for a total of 180 days for treatment of hallucinations and severe depression, which is known as “competency restoration” in the courts.Both the prosecution and defense have submitted subsequent reports concluding Lomeli-Orozco is now competent to stand trial.Wulle agreed Friday and found him competent. The judge scheduled his trial for March 4.Suzan Clark, Lomeli-Orozco’s defense attorney, said she will likely pursue either an insanity or diminished capacity defense.Orozco’s wife, Maria, is brain-dead and remains on life support.Vancouver police officers were called to the couple’s home June 26, 2011, in the 2900 block of Caples Avenue after their son called 911. He reported that his mother was unconscious, and his father had fled the home, according to court documents.The son told investigators that his parents had an argument the previous night and were sleeping in separate bedrooms. The next morning, the son saw his father step into his mother’s bedroom briefly and then leave the home in a rush, according to court documents. The son told officers that he heard “a squeak” coming from the bedroom.
WASHINGTON — Big business and labor have struck a deal on a new low-skilled worker program, removing the biggest hurdle to completion of sweeping immigration legislation allowing 11 million illegal immigrants eventual U.S. citizenship, a person with knowledge of the talks said Saturday.The agreement was reached in a phone call late Friday night with AFL-CIO President Richard Trumka, U.S. Chamber of Commerce head Tom Donohue, and Democratic Sen. Chuck Schumer of New York, who’s been mediating the dispute.The person, who spoke on condition of anonymity ahead of a formal announcement, said the deal resolves disagreements over wages for the new workers and which industries would be included. Those disputes had led talks to break down a week ago, throwing into doubt whether Schumer and seven other senators crafting a comprehensive immigration bill would be able to complete their work.The deal must still be signed off on by the other senators working with Schumer, including Republicans John McCain of Arizona and Marco Rubio of Florida, but that’s expectedto happen. With the agreement in place, the senators are expected to unveil their legislation the week of April 8. Their measure would secure the border, crack down on employers, improve legal immigration and create a 13-year pathway to citizenship for the millions of illegal immigrants already here.
A 14-year-old Vancouver boy is expected to return to school Wednesday after he spent the past few days recovering from being shot by a stray bullet that police say was fired by members of a gang.Jordan Miller-Abers was spending the weekend with his dad, Jesse Abers, 52, at his Portland apartment in the 13800 block of Southeast Stark Street. He went to sleep Friday night after watching some TV. But the family was suddenly awakened about 2 a.m. Saturday by the sound of gunshots.“One minute you’re sleeping peacefully, five minutes later (your house) is a crime scene,” Abers said. Abers quickly learned that his son had been struck by one of the bullets.The bullet had come through the ground-level apartment’s window, ricocheted off of something and flown into Jordan’s chest, through the boy’s armpit and into his biceps muscle, Abers said. “It missed his heart, missed major arteries, missed his nerves,” Abers said. “It’s remarkable that he’s alive.”The Portland Police Bureau responded to the incident, but have not arrested anyone associated with the incident nor have they released information about the suspect or suspects.Doctors don’t want to remove the bullet because of possible complications, Abers said. It could be removed later, but for now, “he’s got a souvenir,” Abers said. Jordan is a freshman at Mountain View High School. Although the boy was caught in the crossfire and could have died, Abers said that Jordan was able to laugh at one thing the night of the shooting. The shirt he was wearing? The front read: “You can’t keep me down.”“When he saw that, it sure inspired him,” Abers said. “He’s been a tough soldier through the whole thing.” Jordan Miller-Abers
Film crews for the upcoming movie “Wild” starring Reese Witherspoon were spotted again today near East McLoughlin Boulevard and Broadway in Vancouver. “Wild” is Portland author Cheryl Strayed’s bestselling memoir of personal crisis and growth as she travels the 1,000-mile Pacific Crest Trail in the wake of her divorce and her mother’s death.Filming took place last week in Vancouver also, when the set transformed the bar inside Paul’s Restaurant, 1800 Broadway, into one set in Reno, Nev. In the book, Strayed bypasses a section of the trail in the High Sierra that’s packed with snow, detouring through Reno.The director of the film version is Jean-Marc Vallee. Production began in Oregon in early October. The production company is Fox Searchlight.
Huawei Japan joins Kansai Economic Federation with eye on World Expo 2025 and Osaka IR Load More NagaCorp’s planned Naga3 development will add an extra 4,720 hotel rooms across five new towers in what will see Cambodian IR NagaWorld become the “largest riverine integrated resort in the world.”Plans for NagaWorld’s planned Phase 3 development were revealed by NagaCorp overnight in a detailed outline of its ongoing expansion. Notably, NagaCorp expects to fulfil around 4.7% of the Cambodia government’s ambition to add 100,000 new hotel rooms in Phnom Penh by 2028. Lack of premium mass strategy begs questions of SJM’s Grand Lisboa Palace launch: analysts Genting’s Resorts World Las Vegas names five key additions to executive team RelatedPosts Covering a gross floor area of 544,801 square meters, Naga3 will incorporate two 66-storey hotel towers, two 53-storey hotel towers, a 55-storey condotel tower, a three level basement and a 12-storey podium.An artist’s impression of the proposed Naga3 development“The Naga3 Project will showcase a lifestyle product consisting of gaming and non-gaming spaces and comprise amenities and facilities which are not available at Naga1 and Naga2, notably hi-tech virtual reality interactive indoor theme parks, more shopping and MICE facilities and family recreational areas to impart a more satisfying, penetrating and complete visitation experience,” NagaCorp said.The project is again being designed by Steelman Partners, while the hotels are set to be managed by one or more well-known international hotel brands.“The company anticipates that these branded resorts will feature the finest quality of any hotels in Asia,” it added.NagaCorp, which holds a 70-year monopoly on casino operations in Phnom Penh through to 2065, has no restrictions on its gaming space, number of tables or number of EGMs under its casino license, with Naga3 to add up to 800 more gaming tables and 2,500 EGMs to its current supply.The company said it recently purchased an extra 9,080 square meters of land alongside adjacent land already held for the development of Naga3, which will be connected to both Naga1 and Naga2, and has already been granted government approval to proceed.NagaCorp also revealed on Wednesday that its gross gaming revenue for the three months to 31 March 2019 had grown 32% year-on-year to US$321.2 million, with VIP rolling chip volume up 45% to US$1.89 billion and mass table drop up 31% to US$344.4 million. EGM bill-ins rose 29% to US$665.8 million.
Eligible UK employees at Royal Mail have been gifted a 1% share in the organisation as the government completes the sale of its remaining 13% stake.The government sold its remaining shareholding in Royal Mail, which employs some 143,000 staff, at the price of 455p per share. Proceeds raised from sales of all the government’s shares total £3.3 billion.The 1% shareholding for staff brings their stake in Royal Mail to 12%. The additional stake, which was first announced in June 2015, aims to recognise and reward employees’ contribution to the organisation.These shares were transferred to the Royal Mail share incentive plan on 17 September 2015, and allocated to eligible staff on 5 October 2015.George Osborne, Chancellor of the Exchequer, said: “This is a milestone moment in the long and proud history of the Royal Mail.“We are also going to recognise the hard work of the staff who have done a great job in turning the company around, and give them a 1% stake to share between them.”Sajid Javid, business secretary, added: “This is a truly historic day for Royal Mail with the workers gaining a share of this history.”
What does your organisation’s healthcare benefits strategy achieve? Do you have a strategy to reduce sickness absence?Take part in the exclusive Employee Benefits healthcare research 2017, which is designed to help you benchmark your organisation’s health and wellbeing benefits.We are particularly interested to find out how your organisation supports the physical and mental health of staff, if you calculate a return on investment for healthcare benefits, and what factors influence your decision to implement certain healthcare benefits.This is your chance to tell us what your organisation is doing, and gain insight into how your healthcare approach compares to both your peers and employers from other industries.The online survey will be open until Friday 21 July 2017.As a thank you for taking part, we will enter you into a prize draw to win £100-worth of retail vouchers. For your chance to win, fill in your details at the end of the survey.The research findings will be available online and in a print supplement.Complete the survey today.
NORTHWEST MIAMI-DADE, FLA. (WSVN) – The Miami-Dade Police Department held a show and tell of stolen items, Wednesday.The department displayed an array of stolen electronics at the Northside District station.The goods were confiscated from World Wireless Mobile, on Northwest 82nd Street and North Miami Avenue, on June 30.Store operator William Vega faces several charges including dealing in stolen property.Authorities discovered the items, including school computers, after a stolen laptop was discovered inside Vega’s shop.Copyright 2019 Sunbeam Television Corp. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.
Neighbors told 7News they saw a man being taken away in handcuffs. Police later confirmed they had apprehended two of the subjects and had recovered their vehicle.Officers shut down several streets for hours while residents tried to make sense of the chaos.Area resident Katherine Vera said she initially wasn’t even able to go home. “It’s interesting because when I went to pick up my kids and was coming home, a police officer said, ‘Just don’t come in quite yet because we’re doing a surveillance of your house and the house across the street. The cops might actually be in your yard looking for the guys, so come back in 15 minutes,’” she said.Vera, however, was pressed for time. “[I told the officer], ‘Man, I gotta catch a flight,’ but yeah, I came back in five minutes, and they said, ‘Go ahead, go on in.’”Helicopters and Miami Shores Police marked vehicles were seen patrolling the area. They left the area just before 4 p.m.The third subject remains at large. If you have any information on his whereabouts, call Miami-Dade Crime Stoppers at 305-471-TIPS. Remember, you can always remain anonymous, and you may be eligible for a $1,000 reward.Copyright 2019 Sunbeam Television Corp. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed. MIAMI SHORES, FLA. (WSVN) – A search for three men who fled from police led to a massive manhunt in Miami Shores that ended with two of the subjects in custody, Tuesday.Miami Shores Police officers set up a perimeter in an area after they received a call about suspicious people in a vehicle.According to reports, three men had been seen breaking into parked vehicles near the Bank of America, located in the area of 94th Street and Biscayne Boulevard, Tuesday morning. Police however, did not confirm these reports.Responding officers located the subjects’ vehicle, and they fled from police. Investigators said the vehicle crashed, and the subjects bailed out in different directions.One of them was spotted running across Biscayne Boulevard to the parking lot of St. Martha’s Church, located at 9301 Biscayne Blvd.According to a representative from the Archdiocese of Miami, they were informed about the search just before 11 a.m. The representative said police took one subject into custody on church property.K-9 units went door to door and searched backyards as they tried to track down the men.
She had stopped breathing and her organs were beginning to fail, according to Mariana’s parents.The following week, Mariana’s health deteriorated even further, and she was airlifted from Des Moines to the Iowa City Children’s Hospital so doctors can closely monitor her. “She is currently on life support to help her by right now,” said her mother.Mariana is persevering with the support of her parents as well as multiple teams of doctors.“She has a kidney team, a liver team, a blood team, a neurology team,” her mother said.“I always thought this stuff happens, and it’s a shame and never thought it would happen to me and was not prepared at all,” said Mariana’s father.Shane and Nicole are warning other parents to protect their children.“Keep your babies isolated, don’t let just anyone come visit them, and make sure they are constantly washing their hands,” said Nicole. “Don’t let people kiss your baby, and make sure they ask before they pick up your baby.” IOWA CITY, Iowa (WSVN) – A couple is sending a warning to other parents while their newborn daughter battles a life-threatening illness contracted from a kiss.Nicole Sifrit described her child’s fight as “horrific” and told WQAD-TV, “It’s one of the saddest things ever, and most of the time, I’m still in shock.”Nicole gave birth to her daughter Mariana on July 1, and married her husband Shane on July 7. Only a couple hours after saying “I do,” the newlyweds noticed their child had stopped eating.“Friday, we noticed she stopped eating and wasn’t waking up when we were trying to get her to respond,” Shane said.The couple cut their celebration short and headed to a Des Moines children’s hospital where the couple learned Mariana had contracted a deadly virus called Meningitis HSV-1, caused by herpes. Doctors said she likely got it from a kiss, but not necessarily an open sore, from someone carrying the cold sore virus.“They touch her, and then she touches her mouth with her hand,” said the child’s mother.Mariana’s parents tested negative for the virus and the newborn was taken to a neonatal intensive care unit where her condition worsened. Doctors said Mariana will have to stay in the hospital for at least another month and are expecting long-term health problems if she survives.Many people carry the herpes virus without ever showing any signs or symptoms, according to the Meningitis Research Foundation.Copyright 2019 Sunbeam Television Corp. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.
SOUTHWEST MIAMI-DADE, FLA. (WSVN) – The search for a Gulliver Schools softball coach ended tragically Monday morning, after the man was found dead.Police said the missing man, 52-year-old Hector Torres, was found just before 8 a.m., Monday, after going missing last Tuesday.Torres was a softball coach at Gulliver Preparatory School in Pinecrest, family and school officials added.In a statement, Frank Steel, the Head of Schools of Gulliver, said, “We are deeply saddened by the tragic news that Hector Torres, beloved faculty member and one of our softball coaches, has passed away.”Steel noted that Torres worked for Gulliver over years. “His contributions on and off the field have left a lasting impact on so many of us,” the statement continued. “On behalf of our entire Gulliver Community, we extend our most heartfelt condolences to Hector’s family and friends, and the many students, families, teachers, colleagues and alumni whose lives he touched.” Copyright 2019 Sunbeam Television Corp. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.
POMPANO BEACH, FLA. (WSVN) – FBI officials are looking for a man suspected of robbing a bank in Pompano Beach, Tuesday afternoon.The robber was seen entering a PNC Bank branch near Southwest 27th Avenue and West Atlantic Boulevard, just after 1:20 p.m.. He then approached a teller and demanded money.Officials said the robber took off with an undisclosed sum of cash.Pictures of the crime showed he was wearing a red shirt and black hat.If you have any information on this subject’s whereabouts, call Broward County Crime Stoppers at 954-493-TIPS. Remember, you can always remain anonymous, and you may be eligible for a $3,000Copyright 2019 Sunbeam Television Corp. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.